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Mustafa Kemal ATATURK
( [birthday is unknown] 1881 – 10 November 1938)
1st President of Turkey
The founding father of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first president from 1923 until his death in 10 November 1938.
He undertook sweeping progressive reforms, which modernized Turkey into a secular, industrial nation. Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism.
Due to his military and political accomplishments, Ataturk is regarded as one of the most important political leaders of the 20th century.
Drag the handle bars in the middle of the pictures to see the before and after Ataturk's revolutions in Turkey.